The minimum required training to complete a flight review is one hour of ground training and one hour of flight training; current flight instructors are exempt from the ground training requirement. All pilots must receive this training by the last day of the 24th month following their most recent BFR. A pilot may complete the flight review in any aircraft he or she is authorized to fly by the rating(s) listed on his or her pilot certificate.
The ground portion of the BFR will consist of a review of 14 CFR 91 with emphasis on any changes since the pilot's last satisfactory flight review. Pilots who have not flown for ten (10) years or more after their last flight review may expect a more comprehensive review of the FAR/AIM, especially parts 1, 43, 61, 67, and 91, as appropriate to ALL ratings listed on his or her certificate.
The flight portion of the BFR will consist of maneuvers necessary to demonstrate the pilot's ability to satisfactorily act as PIC during normal and emergency situations. Pilots may consult the PTS appropriate to their category and class ratings for more details about the required maneuvers and satisfactory performance criteria.
The FAA requires an instrument rated pilot to fly a minimum of six instrument approaches within the previous six months before he or she can act as PIC under IFR. If the pilot is not in compliance, he or she has six more months to fly the required approaches with a safety pilot under simulated IMC (or actual IMC with a CFII). If the pilot does not fly the six approaches after the second six month period, he or she must successfully complete an IPC before he or she can act as PIC under IFR.
The ground portion of the IPC will consist of a thorough review of:
- IFR Low/High Altitude Enroute Charts
- US Terminal Procedures
- IFR Flight Plans And Clearances
- ATC, ICAO, and the National Airspace System
- Normal IFR Operations
- Emergency IFR Operations
The flight portion of the IPC will be conducted under simulated or actual IFR. Pilots will be expected to file an IFR flight plan to an airport at least 50 nm away. Pilots must activate the required IFR clearance with ATC, navigate enroute to the destination, and fly an instrument approach upon arrival. Pilots can expect to fly a minimum of three instrument approaches, all of different types, during their IPC. Circling or straight-in, normal or partial panel, precision or non-precision -- it's all fair game in an IPC. Pilots will also be expected to demonstrate proficiency with holding. Usually, an IPC will require a pilot to successfully enter and fly a lap in both a published holding pattern and a non-published holding pattern. Pilots may consult the Instrument Plot PTS appropriate to their instrument category rating for more details about the required maneuvers and satisfactory performance criteria.